About the authors

Only a small portion of the texts by the authors below have been translated into English. The complete texts in Dutch can be found at the Dutch-language site.

Geert van den Dungen
Geert van den Dungen (b. 1955) is a conductor and musicologist. Each year, he leads his choirs, including Bachkoor Brabant, Kamerkoor Cantecleer, and the Rotterdam Vocal Ensemble, in various concerts featuring music by composers ranging from Bach to Badings. Several Dutch composers such as Albert de Klerk, Jos van Amelsvoort, and Louis Toebosch have dedicated choral works to him. Van den Dungen is currently working on a biography of Rudolf Mengelberg. With Gerard Maassen, he co-wrote the historiography Een wonder van klank, het Nederlands Kamerkoor 1937-1997 [“A Miracle of Sound: The Netherlands Chamber Choir from 1937 to 1997”], published by Walburg Pers in 1997. Van den Dungen regularly gives lectures on Bach and twentieth-century Dutch music.

Henk van Gelder
Henk van Gelder (b. 1946) writes about theater for the Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad. He has authored critically acclaimed books on Simon Carmiggelt, Jacques van Tol, Abraham Tuschinkski, and various other subjects relating to the history of Dutch entertainment.

Gerard Groeneveld
Gerard Groeneveld (b. 1956) is an investigative journalist and a teacher of Dutch at the Rotterdam Business School. As a literary historian, he specialized in the history of the media during the Second World War. In 2007, he published Zo zong de NSB [“That’s How the NSB Sang”], which examines the song culture of the National Socialist Movement (the NSB party). He published the acclaimed studies Zwaard van de geest [“Sword of the Mind”] in 2001 and Kriegsberichter [“War Reporter”] in 2004. He also issued the edition of Paul Metz’s war diary Mussertman aan het Oostfront [“Mussertman on the Eastern Front”] in 2005 and Anton Mussert’s widely discussed posthumous confessions in 2005. Groeneveld has written articles on subjects including Hitler’s diaries, the book trade during the occupation, censorship, and German pornographic pamphlets in war propaganda. He has reviewed books on the First and Second World Wars for the Dutch newspapers NRC Handelsblad and De Volkskrant.

Paul Koedijk
Paul Koedijk (b. 1955) is an historian and forensic investigator. With Gerard Mulder, he co-wrote a biography of the resistance fighter Henk van Randwijk, which was awarded the Loe de Jong Prize for contemporary historiography, in 1988. The two also collaborated on Het Parool, Léés die krant! Geschiedenis van het naoorlogse Parool, 1945–1970 [“Het Parool, Read That Paper! A History of the Post-war Parool: 1945–70”] in 1996. He has also published articles on the Second World War, the cold war, and the history of the media. He is a co-author of the report on Srebrenica published by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation in 2002. Since 2003, he has worked as a forensic investigator with the research bureau Integis BV and is still active as an historian when time permits.

John Leefmans
John Leefmans (b. 1933) is a Dutch diplomat, literary critic, and poet. He left Suriname at the age of fifteen, going on to build a career as a diplomat; he has lived permanently in the Netherlands since 1995. He serves as secretary of the Suriname Forum and as chairman of the Surinaams Muziek Collectief [“Surinamese Music Collective”] foundation and is a member of the editorial board of OSO, the magazine published by the Instituut ter Bevordering van de Surinamistiek [“Institute for the Promotion of Surinamese Studies”]. Together with Pim de la Parra, Rudi Kross, and Ronald Venetiaan, he served as editor and publicist of the Surinamese magazine Mamjo and was co-founder and editor of the notorious Leiden-based Kaf t-t kaf, a literary/anti-literary periodical. He wrote a weekly column for Radio Nederland entitled “Fa un tan” in the late 1950s. In 1981, he published his first collection of poems, called Intro, under the pseudonym of Jo Löffel. Leefmans considers Retro, published under his own name, as his second collection. He took part in Poetry International in 2000, translating works by Jules Deelder and others into Sranan. His collection Op’ a batra / Open die fles [“Open That Bottle”], featuring poems in Sranan Tongo with their Dutch translations, was published in 2009.

Pauline Micheels
Pauline Micheels studied history at the University of Amsterdam. Her doctoral thesis, entitled Muziek in de schaduw van het Derde Rijk, De Nederlandse symfonie-orkesten 1933-1945 [“The Dutch Symphony Orchestras: 1933–45”] was a study of music in the shadow of the Third Reich. Published in 1993, it was awarded an honorable mention by the Dr. L. de Jong Prize in 1995. Micheels has worked at the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation and as a teacher at university and secondary school level. She has worked as an independent journalist since 1997. She is the author of De Vatenman [“The Vat Man”], Bernard van Leer (1883-1958), published in 2002, and Geen vogel kan van louter fluiten leven [“No Bird Can Live on Song Alone”]. Vereniging van Letterkundigen 1905-2005, published in 2006. With Elma Verhey, she co-wrote Kind van de rekening. Het rechtsherstel van de joodse oorlogswezen [“The Victim: Legal Redress for Jewish War Orphans”], published in 2005. She has contributed to five historical publications, has written over fifty entries for Joden in Nederland in de twintigste eeuw. Een biografisch woordenboek [“Jews in the Netherlands in the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary”], published in 2007, and is the author of many articles published in newspapers and weekly periodicals.

Dirk Mulder
Director of the Camp Westerbork Memorial Center.

Frans Schreuder
Born in Batavia in 1930, Frans Schreuder was a prisoner in three internment camps in the former Dutch East Indies during the Japanese occupation. He came to the Netherlands in 1946. After graduating from secondary school, he went on to obtain state examination A and B diplomas in piano. He taught piano methodology and performance practice at the Rotterdam Conservatory, where he also served as head of the Piano Department. He has carried out managerial and editorial work for the KNTV [“Royal Dutch Association of Musicians”] and the Dutch branch of the EPTA (European Piano Teachers Association), of which he is also an honorary member. Schreuder is active as an initiator and board member of the EDSC (EPTA Documentation and Study Center). He also publishes articles and gives lectures on such subjects as Western musical life and musical circles in the Dutch East Indies, as well as the pianist Lili Kraus and her duo partner Szymon Goldberg, whom he met as a teenager in the camps. He has also contributed to Lili Kraus’s biography.

Willem de Vries
Willem de Vries (b. 1939) studied musicology and went on to teach at the Universiteit van Amsterdam for several years. He started researching music looting in 1990 and worked as a researcher and editor in the areas of classical, contemporary, jazz, and world music, as well as entertainment in former times for the Dutch music television program Reiziger in Muziek, broadcast by the VPRO network, from 1993 to 2002. Since 1990, he has conducted research on the looting of music paraphernalia during the Second World War, publishing Sonderstab Musik: Music Confiscation by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg under the Nazi Occupation of Western Europe (Amsterdam University Press, 1996; German editions, 1998 and 2000). He did research for www.joodsecomponisten.nl in 2005 and contributed to publications on Jewish composers (e.g., Geza Frid), entartete Musik, and for the Leo Smit Stichting foundation. He is also an authority on light music and jazz in the Netherlands during the occupation.

Tim de Wolf
Tim de Wolf (b. 1960) is a researcher and documentation officer specializing in phonographic material of historical value. After teaching at Utrecht University and working at a sound studio (mastering), he started Audio Archeologie in 1998. Having been awarded various grants from cultural foundations, he has carried out research on gramophone records recorded in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba from 1924 to 1971. As a sound archeologist, he digitizes (conservation and restoration) all types of sound media for museums, archives, and private individuals. De Wolf served for some time as curator of the Fonografisch Museum [“Phonographic Museum”] in Hilversum, the Netherlands, and worked as a registration officer at the Nederlands Omroep Museum [“Dutch Broadcasting Museum”]. The Prince Bernhard Cultural Foundation awarded its 2007 Music Prize to him for his research on records from the Dutch Caribbean. The award has allowed him to pursue exploratory research on gramophone records recorded in the former Dutch East Indies. De Wolf studied economic and social history at Utrecht University. He has published many articles on phonographic material of historical value and on the history of recording technology, as well as a book entitled Discography of Music from the Netherlands Antilles & Aruba in 1999.